Director of the School: Professor N. Sanchez
Opening the Third Millennium: 8th Course
Director of the Course: Professors
H. J. de Vega and I. M. Khalatnikov
H. J. de Vega and I. M. Khalatnikov
THE EARLY UNIVERSE
THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND
Y. N. PARIJSKIJ, Special Astrophysical Observatory, Karachai-Cherkess Republic, Russia
P. RICHARDS, CFPA and Univ. of California at Berkeley, CA, USA
LARGE SCALE STRUCTURE, DARK MATTER AND THE COSMOLOGICAL CONSTANT
B. P. SCHMIDT, Mount Stromlo and Siding Spling Observatories, Australia
FRACTALS AND SCALING LAWS IN ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY
B.B. MANDELBROT, IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, & Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
Will our Universe Have a Phase Transition in its Infinite Future?
W. SASLAW, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA
PRIMORDIAL AND ASTROPHYSICAL BLACK-HOLES
H. HEISELBERG, Nordita, Copenhagen, Denmark
N. SANCHEZ, Observatoire de Paris, France
HIGH ENERGY AND NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS
Dark Matter from Energetic Particles.
P. L. BIERMANN, Max-Planck Institut, Bonn, Germany
Detector and Physics Results of the Precursor Flight and the AMS on the International Space Station.
H. HOFER, ETH Hoenggerberg, Zurich, Switzerland
L. SCARSI, Università di Palermo & IFCAI/CNR, Italy
Mysteries and Theories of the Origin of Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays.
F. W. STECKER, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA
INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION
and its Scientific Utilisation with representatives from NASA, ESA and ASI.
An updated understanding from a fundamental physics and deep point of view of the progress and key issues in the early universe and the physical processes which took place in it. The interplay between cosmic microwave background radiation, large scale structure and dark matter problem will be stressed within a synthetic view. The central focus is placed on the crucial issue of the phase transitions in the early universe and their observable consequences: baryon asymmetry, baryogenesis and cosmological fluctuations. Emphasis will be given to the precise interplay between cosmology, statistical physics and particle physics in these problems, both at the theoretical and experimental/observational- levels, with a carefully balanced programme emphasizing the genuine interdisciplinarity of this domain. Special lectures will be devoted to particle/nuclear physics, neutrinos in astrophysics and high energy astrophysics.
In addition, each Course of this series, introduces and promotes through special sessions,topics or subjects, which, although not being of purely astrophysical or cosmological nature, are of relevant physical interest for astrophysics and cosmology. A special session of this Course will be devoted to the physics of Scaling Laws, Fractals and Turbulence and their applications.
Deep understanding, clarification, synthesis, careful interdisciplinarity within a fundamental physics approach, are goals of this series.
Lectures cover from a motivation and pedagogical introduction for students and participants not directly working in the field to the last developments and recent results.
All Lectures are plenary, have the same duration and are followed by a discussion. The discussion part is as important as the lectures themselves. All Lectures take place in the `P.A.M. Dirac' Lecture Hall of the San Domenico-`P.M.S. Blackett' Institute.
In the latest years, the cross-section between these fields has been increasing both at the theoretical and experimental levels: particles, fields and strings, astronomical observations, space satellites data. Such interplay fruitfully influence research activity setting up Astrofundamental Physics.
By the nature of the domain itself, there are different aspects, approachs and points of view (sometimes complementary to each other, sometimes in contradiction), to a same topic or subject. Special care is taken to provide the grounds of the different lines of research in competition (not only one approach). In this way, participants have an excellent opportunity to learn about the real state of the discipline, and to learn it in a critical way.
The Course provides an occasion to review achievements, to confront theory and models with observations and among themselves, to exchange information on the latest developments and to discuss future prospects. The Course brings together experimentalists and theoreticians, -physicists, astrophysicists and astronomers- from a variety of backgrounds, young scientists at post-doctoral level, senior scientists and advanced graduate students as well.
The detailed Programme and Lecturers of the Course will be distributed later on.
Persons wishing to attend the Course should apply in writing to:
Prof. N. Sánchez
Observatoire de Paris DEMIRM
F-75014 PARIS, France
Tel: 33.1. 40 51 22 21 Fax: ++33.1. 40 51 20 02
Prof. Héctor de Vega
LPTHE, Univ. Paris VI
Tour 16, 1er. etage, 4, Place Jussieu
F-75230 Paris cedex 05 FRANCE
Tel: 33 1 4427 7430 Fax: 33 1 4427 7088
They should specify:
i) date and place of birth, together with present nationality;
ii) degree and other academic qualifications;
iii) list of publications;
iv) present position and place of work.
Young persons with only a few years of experience should enclose a letter of recommendation from their research group leader or from another senior scientist active in the field.
The total fee, which includes full board and lodging (arranged by the School), is US $ 1000.
EARLY APPLICATION IS STRONGLY ENCOURAGED
No special application form is required
A letter will be sent to successful applicants. Participants experiencing difficulties with travel documentation and who need to know whether or not their applications have been accepted may get an earlier special decision upon request.
Admission to the Course will be decided on the basis of scientific excellency.
Arrival day is December 6th, 2000
Departure day is December 17th, 2000
Participants must arrive in Erice on December 6th, 2000 (NO LATER than 5 p.m.).
More detailed information will be sent to successful applicants together with the letter of acceptance.
POETIC AND HISTORIC TOUCH
According to legend, Erice, son of Venus and Neptune, founded a small town on top of a mountain (750 metres above sea level) more than three thousand years ago. The great historian Thucydides (~500 B.C.) said that the Elymi -founders of Erice- were survivors of the destruction of Troy. Ancient historians agreed that Erice was the oldest city in Europe.
Homer (~1000 B.C.), Theocritus (~300 B.C.), Polybius (~200 B.C.), Virgil (~50 B.C.), Horace (~20 B.C.), and others, have celebrated this magnificent spot in Sicily in their poems. In Erice you can admire the Castle of Venus, the Cyclopean Walls (~800 B.C.) and the Gothic Cathedral (~1300 A.D.). Erice is at present a mixture of ancient and medieval architecture.
Other masterpieces of ancient civilization are to be found in the neighbourhood : at Motya (Phoenician), Segesta (Elymian), and Selinunte (Greek). In the Aegadian Islands -theatre of the decisive naval battle of the first Punic War (264-241 B.C.)- suggestive neolithic and paleolithic vestiges are still visible: the grottoes of Favignana, the carvings and murals of Levanzo.
Splendid beaches are at San Vito Lo Capo, Scopello, and Cornino, and a wild and rocky coast around Monte Cofano : all at less than one hour drive from Erice.
N. SANCHEZ DIRECTOR OF THE SCHOOL
A.ZICHICHI DIRECTOR OF THE CENTRE