Opening the Third Millennium: 7th Course CURRENT TOPICS IN ASTROFUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS ERICE-SICILY, 5-16 DECEMBER 1999 NATO Advanced Study Institute International Euroschool
Director of the School: Professor N. Sanchez
1999-CELEBRATION OF THE 50th ANNIVERSARY OF NATO
PURPOSE OF THE COURSE
PROGRAMME AND LECTURERS
EARLY APPLICATION IS STRONGLY ENCOURAGED
PURPOSE OF THE COURSE
An up dated understanding, from a fundamental and deep point of view, of the progress and current problems in the early universe, cosmic microwave background radiation, large scale structure, dark matter problem, and the interplay between them.
Emphasis is given to the mutual impact of fundamental physics and cosmology, both at theoretical and experimental-or observational-levels, within a deep and well defined programme, and a global unifying view, which provides in addition, a careful inter-disciplinarity.
Special lectures are devoted to neutrinos in astrophysics and high energy astrophysics.
In addition, each Course of this series introduces and promotes through special sessions, topics or subjects which, although not being of purely astrophysical or cosmological nature, are of relevant physical interest for astrophysics and cosmology. A special session is devoted to Fractals and Scaling Laws in astrophysics and cosmology,and Turbulence and their applications.
Deep understanding, clarification, synthesis, a careful interdisciplinarity within a fundamental physics approach, are goals of this series.
By the nature of the domain itself, there are different aspects, approachs and points of view (sometimes complementary to each other, sometimes in contradiction), to a same topic or subject. Special care is taken to provide the grounds of the different lines of research in competition (not only one approach). In this way, participants have an excellent opportunity to learn about the real state of the discipline, and to learn it in a critical way.
Lectures cover from a motivation and pedagogical introduction for students and participants not directly working in the field to the last developments and recent results. All Lectures are plenary, have the same duration and are followed by a discussion.
The discussion part of this series is as important as the lectures themselves. All Lectures take place in the "P.A.M. Dirac" Lecture Hall of the San Domenico- P. M.S. Blackett -Institute.
The Course provides an occasion to review achievements, to confront theory and models with observations and among themselves, to exchange information on the latest developments and to discuss future prospects. The Course brings together experimentalists and theoreticians, -physicists, astrophysicists and astronomers- from a variety of backgrounds, young scientists at post-doctoral level, senior scientists and advanced graduate students as well.
PREVIOUS COURSES Erice, September 1991, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997. 5th Course (1996) Dedicated to Professor Subramanyan Chandrasekhar 6th Course (1997) Dedicated to Professor Abdus Salam
FILM ON THE ERICE CHALONGE SCHOOL "Aux Frontieres du Cosmos" (On Line & ARTE Productions, 52mn, 1997) broadcasted by ARTE Television, dedicated to A. Einstein
PROCEEDINGS OF THE ERICE CHALONGE SCHOOL (N. Sanchez & A. Zichichi Editors):
"Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics", 1st Course, Erice Lectures 1991, The Science and Culture Series,World Sc. Pub. Co., Singapore (1992).
"Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics", 2nd Course, Erice Lectures 1992, The Science and Culture Series,World Sc. Pub. Co., Singapore (1993).
"String Gravity and Physics at the Planck Scale", Erice Lectures 1992 The Science and Culture Series, World Sc. Pub. Co., Singapore (1993).
"Advances in Astrofundamental Physics", Erice Lectures 1994, The Science and Culture Series, World Sc. Pub. Co., Singapore (1995).
"Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics: The Early Universe", 3rd Course, NATO ASI Series C volume 467, Kluwer Acad. Pub. (1995).
"String Gravity and Physics at the Planck Scale", 4th Course, Erice Lectures 1995, NATO ASI Series C volume 476, Kluwer Acad. Pub. (1996).
"Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics", 5th Course, Erice Lectures 1996, The Science and Culture Series, World Sc. Pub. Co.,Singapore (1997).
"Current Topics in Astrofundamental Physics: Primordial Cosmology", 6th course, NATO ASI Series C volume 511, Kluwer Acad. Pub. (1998).
Information about the Courses and Proceedings of the Chalonge School can be found on the WWW at the following address:
And at the WWW address of the Ettore Majorana Centre (Courses 96, 97, 99):
He was a personality of his time, one of the founders of the Institut d' Astrophysique de Paris. He also worked at the Observatoire de Paris, at the Observatoire d'Haute Provence, and at the Jungfraujoch Scientific Station in Switzerland, where particle physics experiments (such as the Manchester-Cern collaboration) were performed.
A museum dedicated to Daniel Chalonge was inaugurated during the First Course of this School, in September 1-8 1991. The T Daniel Chalonge Museum, Erice, City of ScienceU, is located at the San Domenico Institute of the Ettore Majorana Centre. It exhibits a permanent collection of pictures, documents and instruments retracing the work of D. Chalonge and the institutions where he worked.
THE EARLY UNIVERSE
Elements of Baryogenesis. Neutrinos and the Baryon Asymmetry o W. BUCHMULLER, DESY, Hamburg, Germany
Fields out of Equilibrium in the Early Universe: Selfconsistent Inflationary Dynamics and Density Perturbations o H.J. DE VEGA, University of Paris VI, France
The Dynamics of the Gravitational Field: Normal Hyperbolic Equations and Characteristics The 3+1 Covariant Approach to CBR Anisotropies o G.F.R. ELLIS, University of Cape Town, South Africa
The Energy-Momentum Tensor of the Gravitational Field. The Detectability of Relic Gravitational Waves o L.P. GRISHCHUK, University of Wales, Cardiff, UK
The Chaotical Dynamics of Cosmological Models o I. M. KHALATNIKOV, Landau Institute, Moscow, Russia
Inflation confronts Observations o E.W. KOLB, FNAL, Batavia, IL, USA
New Developments and the Problem of Inflation in String Cosmology. Conformal and Non-conformal String Backgrounds o N. SANCHEZ, Observatoire de Paris, France
Phase Transitions in the Early Universe o M.E. SHAPOSHNIKOV, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND
Observations and Theory of the Cosmic Microwave Background, I and II o A. LASENBY, Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge, UK
The Status of CMB Anisotropy Measurements. CMB Science and Cosmological Parameter Extraction. Future Anticipated CMB Anisotropy Observations o G. SMOOT, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
Polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background o I. D. NOVIKOV, Theoretical Astrophysical Center, Copenhagen, DK
The High Redshift Radio Universe o Y. N. PARIJSKIJ, Special Astrophys. Observ., Karachai-Cherkess Rep.
LARGE SCALE STRUCTURE, DARK MATTER
Baryonic Dark Matter o B. CARR, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London, UK
Clusters of Galaxies o G. CHINCARINI, Univ. of Milano & Observatory of Brera, Italy
Structure Formation Beyond Galaxy Clusters o FANG LI-ZHI, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA
Large Scale Structure and Galaxy Formation o C.S. FRENK, Durham University, UK
The Oldest Stars. The Youngest Galaxies o P. W. HODGE, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Survey of the Mass-Energy of the Universe o C. HOGAN, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
Deciphering the Nature of Dark Matter o B. SADOULET, Center for Particle Astrophysics, Berkeley, CA, USA
High Redshift Galaxy Groups and W0 o W.C. SASLAW, National Radio Astron.Obs.,Charlottesville, VA, USA
High Precision Cosmology. o A.S. SZALAY, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
On the Nature of the Damped Lyman Alpha Systems o A.M. WOLFE, Center for Astrophysics and Space Sci., La Jolla, CA, USA
FRACTALS AND SCALING LAWS IN ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY
The Statistical Dynamics of the Self Gravitating Gas o H.J. DE VEGA, University of Paris VI, France
Fractals in Nature. Fractality, Lacunarity and the Near-Isotropic Distribution of Galaxies o B.B. MANDELBROT, IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY, & Yale Univ., New Haven, CO, USA
Nature and Developments of Large Scale Structures o L. PIETRONERO, University of Rome I, Italy
The Field Theory Approach to the Self Gravitating Gas. Interstellar Medium and Galaxy Distributions o N. SANCHEZ, Observatoire de Paris, France
The Cosmological Many-Body Problem and Galaxy Clustering o W.C. SASLAW, National Radio Astron. Obs., Charlottesville,VA,USA
Galaxy Distribution: Spatial and Luminosity Properties o F. SYLOS LABINI, University of Geneva, Switzerland
HIGH ENERGY AND NEUTRINO ASTROPHYSICS
Origin and Physics of the Highest Energy Particles Observed in the Universe. Dark Matter as Determined from Energetic Particles o P. L. BIERMANN, Max-Planck-Institut, Bonn,Germany
The Mission SWIFT to detect Gamma-ray Bursts o G. CHINCARINI, Univ. of Milano & Observatory of Brera, Italy
Neutrino Oscillations and Neutrino Cosmology o A. DOLGOV, Theoretical Astrophysical Center, Copenhagen, DK
Astroparticle Physics with High Energy Neutrinos o F. HALZEN, University of Wiscosin, Madison, WI, USA
Current Status of High Energy Particle Astrophysics Experiments in the USA: High Energy Cosmic Ray and Gamma Ray Experiments. High Energy Neutrino and Dark Matter Experiments o E.C. LOH, University of Utah & NSF, USA
World Energy and Climate in the Next Century. Mass Extinctions of Species: What killed the Dinosaurs? Asteroids or Volcanoes? o D.R.O. MORRISON, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Most Powerful Objects in the Universe o L. PIRO, Istituto Astrofisica Spaziale,CNR, Rome, Italy
The Extreme Energy Cosmic Rays and Cosmic Neutrinos as a Probe for the Distant Universe. Astrophysics Involved and Experimental Approach o L. SCARSI, IFCAI- CNR, Palermo, Italy
X-Ray Observations of Isolated Neutron Stars o J. TRUEMPER, Max-Planck-Institut, Garching bei Mnchen, Germany
Persons wishing to attend the Course should apply in writing to:
o Professor N. SANCHEZ Observatoire de Paris DEMIRM Avenue de l'Observatoire F-75014 PARIS, France Tel: ++33.1. 40 51 22 21 Fax: ++33.1. 40 51 20 02 http://www.obspm.fr/chalonge
They should specify:
i) date and place of birth, together with present nationality;
ii) degree and other academic qualifications;
iii) list of publications;
iv) present position and place of work.
Young persons with only a few years of experience should enclose a letter of recommendation from their research group leader or from another senior scientist active in the field.
The total fee, which includes full board and lodging (arranged by the School), is US $ 1000.
EARLY APPLICATION IS STRONGLY ENCOURAGED
Closing date for application: August 15th, 1999
No special application form is required
A letter will be sent to successful applicants by September, 30th 1999. Participants experiencing difficulties with travel documentation and who need to know, before September 30th, whether or not their applications have been accepted may get an earlier special decision upon request.
Admission to the Course will be decided on the basis of scientific excellency, in consultation with the Advisory Committee of the Course consisting of Professors G.F.R. Ellis, I. Novikov, N. Sanchez, G. Smoot and A. Zichichi.
Arrival day is December 5th, 1999
Departure day is December 16th, 1999
Participants must arrive in Erice on December 5th, 1999 (NO LATER than 5 p.m.).
More detailed information will be sent to successful applicants together with the letter of acceptance.
According to legend, Erice, son of Venus and Neptune, founded a small town on top of a mountain (750 metres above sea level) more than three thousand years ago. The great historian Thucydides (~500 B.C.) said that the Elymi -founders of Erice- were survivors of the destruction of Troy. Ancient historians agreed that Erice was the oldest city in Europe.
Homer (~1000 B.C.), Theocritus (~300 B.C.), Polybius (~200 B.C.), Virgil (~50 B.C.), Horace (~20 B.C.), and others, have celebrated this magnificent spot in Sicily in their poems. In Erice you can admire the Castle of Venus, the Cyclopean Walls (~800 B.C.) and the Gothic Cathedral (~1300 A.D.). Erice is at present a mixture of ancient and medieval architecture.
Other masterpieces of ancient civilization are to be found in the neighbourhood : at Motya (Phoenician), Segesta (Elymian), and Selinunte (Greek). In the Aegadian Islands -theatre of the decisive naval battle of the first Punic War (264-241 B.C.)- suggestive neolithic and paleolithic vestiges are still visible: the grottoes of Favignana, the carvings and murals of Levanzo.
Splendid beaches are at San Vito Lo Capo, Scopello, and Cornino, and a wild and rocky coast around Monte Cofano : all at less than one hourUs drive from Erice.
N. SANCHEZ A.ZICHICHI
DIRECTOR OF THE SCHOOL DIRECTOR OF THE CENTRE