"DANIEL CHALONGE"

http://www.obspm.fr/chalonge

Director of the Museum

Observatoire de Paris - LERMA. 61, Av. de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris,France.

Tel: 33-1-40 51 22 21 . Telefax: 33-1-40 51 20 02

chalonge@mesiob.obspm.fr

http://www.obspm.fr/chalonge

Chalonge School

Dedication of the Courses

Proceedings of Previous Courses

Film on the School by ARTE Television

ERICE CHALONGE COURSE 2000

Programme 1999 Opening the Third Millennium

International Programme of Cosmology Daniel Chalonge

Paris Cosmology Colloquium 1999

Erice Chalonge Course 1999

Programme 1998

Paris Cosmology Colloquium 1998

Erice Chalonge Course 1997

**ASTROFUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS**

An updated understanding, from a fundamental and deep point of view,
of the progress and current problems in the early universe, cosmic microwave
background radiation, large scale structure, dark matter problem, and the
interplay between them.

Emphasis is given to the mutual impact of fundamental physics and cosmology,
both at theoretical and experimental-or observational-levels, within a
deep and well defined programme, which provides, in addition, a careful
inter-disciplinarity. Special lectures are devoted to particle/nuclear
physics, neutrinos in astrophysics and high energy astrophysics.

In addition, each Course of this series introduces and promotes through special sessions, topics or subjects which, although not being of purely astrophysical or cosmological nature, are of relevant physical interest for astrophysics and cosmology. A special session of this Course is devoted to the physics of Scaling Laws, Fractals and Turbulence and their applications.

Deep understanding, clarification, synthesis, careful interdisciplinarity within a fundamental physics approach, are goals of this series.

By the nature of the domain itself, there are different aspects, approachs and points of view (sometimes complementary to each other, sometimes in contradiction), to a same topic or subject. Special care is taken to provide the grounds of the different lines of research in competition (not only one approach). In this way, participants have an excellent opportunity to learn about the real state of the discipline, and to learn it in a critical way.

In the latest years, the cross-section between these fields has been increasing both at the theoretical and experimental levels: particles, fields and strings, astronomical observations, space satellites data. Such interplay fruitfully influenced research activity setting up Astrofundamental Physics.

Lectures cover from a motivation and pedagogical introduction for students and participants not directly working in the field to the last developments an recent results.

All Lectures are plenary, have the same duration and are followed by a discussion.

The discussion part of this series is as important as the lectures themselves.

All Lectures take place in the P.A.M. Dirac Lecture Hall of the San
Domenico-P.M.S. Blackett Institute.

The Course provides an occasion to review achievements, to confront theory and models with observations and among themselves, to exchange information on the latest developments and to discuss future prospects. The Course brings together experimentalists and theoreticians, -physicists, astrophysicists and astronomers- from a variety of backgrounds, young scientists at post-doctoral level, senior scientists and advanced graduate students as well.

PREVIOUS COURSES: Erice, September 1991, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997.

5th Course (1996) Dedicated to Professor Subramanyan Chandrasekhar

6th Course (1997) Dedicated to Professor Abdus Salam

FILM ON THE ERICE CHALONGE SCHOOL "Aux Frontières du Cosmos" (On Line & ARTE Productions, 52mn, 1997) broadcasted by ARTE Television, dedicated to A. Einstein

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ERICE CHALONGE SCHOOL , Edited by N. Sanchez
& A. Zichichi,

published by World Scientific Pub. Co. and by Kluwer Publ. , NATO ASI
Series C.

**STRING GRAVITY AND PLANCK ENERGY
PHYSICS**

The contemporary trends in the quantum unification of all interactions including gravity motivate these Courses. The main goal and impact of modern string theory is to provide a consistent quantum theory of gravity. These Courses are intended to provide an updated understanding of the last developments and current problems of string theory in connection with gravity and the physics at the Planck energy scale.

It is also the aim of these Courses to discuss fundamental problems of quantum gravity in the present-day context irrespective of strings or any other models.

Emphasis is given to the mutual impact of string theory, gravity and cosmology, within a deep a well defined programme, which provides, in addition, a careful interdisciplinarity.

Since the most relevant new physics provided by strings concerns the quantization of gravity, we must, at least, understand string quantization in curved space-times to start.

Curved space-times, besides their evident relevance in classical gravitation,
are also important at energies of the order of the Planck scale.

At the Planck energy, gravitational interactions are at least as important
as the rest and can not be neglected anymore.

All Lectures are plenary, have the same duration and are followed by
a discussion.

The discussion part of this series is as important as the lectures
themselves.

All Lectures take place in the P.A.M. Dirac Lecture Hall of the San
Domenico-P.M.S. Blackett Institute.

PREVIOUS COURSES: Erice, June 1992, September 1995 and Sesions in September 1996, 1997.

PROCEEDINGS AND REPORTS, Edited by N. Sanchez, published by World Scientific
Pub. Co and Kluwer Publ., NATO ASI Series C.

**COLLOQUIA COSMOLOGIE**

The purpose of the series of COLLOQUIA is to cover selected topics of high current interest in the interplay between cosmology and fundamental physics.

The main aim is to put in contact fundamental theoretical physics (including
string theory) with real physical problems which arise in the study of
the universe.

The Paris Cosmology Colloquia bring together physicists, astrophysicists
and astronomers.

The format of the Colloquia is intended to allow easy and fruitful mutual
contacts and communication.

Sessions last for three days leaving enough time for private discussions
and to enjoy the beautiful parisian campus of the Paris Observatory (built
of orders from Colbert and to plans by Claude Perrault from 1667 to 1672).

Sessions take place at the "Salle du Conseil" in the historic Perrault building under the portraits of Laplace, Le Verrier, Lalande, Arago, Delambre and Louis XIV.

All Lectures are plenary, have the same duration and are followed by a discussion. No short talks neither poster sessions are scheduled.

TOPICS covered in this Series include:

Phase Transitions in Cosmology, QCD and Neutron Stars.

Evolution out of the Equilibrium of Quantum Fields.

Inflation.

Fundamental Strings in Cosmology, Black Holes and Quantum Gravity.

Cosmic Microwave Background.

Large Scale Structure and Dark Matter.

Gravitational Lensing.

Fractals and Scaling Laws in Astrophysics and Cosmology.

Turbulence and its applications.

High Energy Astrophysics, the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays, Gamma-ray
Bursts.

Neutrino oscillations and Neutrinos in astrophysics. Supersymmetry
searches.

PREVIOUS COLLOQUIA: Observatoire de Paris, June 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE COSMOLOGY COLLOQUIA, Edited by H. J. de Vega and
N. Sanchez, published by World Scientific Publ.

**SCIENTIFIC CULTURE**

The Daniel CHALONGE MUSEUM and The Paul DIRAC MUSEUM,"ERICE, the City
of

Science", inaugurated during the Courses of this School, exhibit permanent
collections of pictures, documents and instruments, on astrophysics and
on particle physics.

The Museums, together with the ERICE SEISMOLOGICAL STATION of the Ettore Majorana Centre, can be visited along the year.

Request for Informations to visit the Museums must be addressed to the Secretariat of the Ettore Majorana Centre in Erice.

The Museums and the Seismological Station participate in the

**WEEKS OF THE SCIENTIFIC CULTURE**

which take place in Italy each year (end of march), organized by the Italian Ministry of University and Scientific Research.

The Museums participate in the

** "CELEBRATIONS DU
CENTENAIRE DE LA DECOUVERTE DE LA RADIOACTIVITE. HENRI BECQUEREL. PIERRE
ET MARIE CURIE",**

and particularly this year, during the "9th Week of the Scientific Culture".

The series of booklets, posters and pedagogical material
edited by the Haut Comite National Francais and the Secretariat General
du Centenaire de la Decouverte de la Radioactivite,are exhibited
and available for visitors at the Museums.

In addition, brochures and post cards on these Celebrations have been
edited by the Museums.

Two special postmarks have been edited by the Italian Post for the
Erice Chalonge School on these Celebrations.

The Programme include Guided Visits to:

Isidor I. Rabi Institute,

Patrick M.S. Blackett Institute,

Eugene P. Wigner Institute,

Erice Seismological Station and Network,

Daniel Chalonge Museum (Astrophysics),

Paul A.M. Dirac Museum (Particle Physics).

Exhibitits in the Museums include photographs, documents, instruments and material collected from the Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, the Observatoire de Paris, the Observatoire de Haute-Provence, the Jungfraujoch Scientific Station at Switzerland, the American Institute of Physics at New York, the Niels Bohr Arkivet at Copenhagen, the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique at Saclay, the Institut National de Physique Nuclaire et de Physique des Particules at Paris, the Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire du College de France,the Musee & Archives Curie at Paris, the International Centre for Theoretical Physics at Trieste, the Paul Dirac Science Center Library at Tallahassee, the Ettore Majorana Centre at Erice and from private contributions.

Exhibits retrace also the Activity and Highlights of the Ettore
Majorana Foundation since its creation in 1963 with the International School
of Subnuclear Physics and the International Seminars of Planetary Emergencies.

**INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMME OF COSMOLOGY
DANIEL CHALONGE**

The International School of Astrophysics Daniel Chalonge has the pleasure to announce the creation of a new programme: the International Programme of Cosmology Daniel Chalonge. This is a Theory Research Programme running over the whole year, conceived as a hard core for theoretical research in cosmology.

The goal of this Project is to contribute to a theory of
the universe (and particularly of the early universe) up to the marks,
and at the scientific height of, the unprecedented accuracy, existent
and expected, in the observational data.

The impressive development of modern cosmology during the last decades
is to a large extent due to its unification with elementary particle physics
and quantum field theory.

The cross-section between these fields has been increasing setting
up Astrofundamental Physics. The early universe is an exceptional (theoretical
and experimental) laboratory in this new discipline.

From a fundamental physics point of view, progress in the field can not be expected to come only from the observational input. Theory has an essential role in making input and progress in the field. Scientific research and scientific progress in this field are the basis and the reason of this Programme

This Programme does concentrate the task on those real problems
which are basic and fundamental in modern cosmology, with powerful theoretical
approachs, and their observational consequences.

Moreover, the methods (analytical and/or numerical) developped and
applied in this Programme can be useful in other problems of astrophysics,
requiring hard theoretical approach as well.

This Programme combines strong expertise in order to make a convergent effort around hard theory problems, which are essential and fundamental in the field.

The results of this research are exposed in particular in the events (Courses, workshop, Colloquia) organized within the framework of the International School of Astrophysics Daniel Chalonge.

The debate and contradictory discussion on research at the frontier
of knowledge and on novel subjects are source of scientific progress.

In the spirit of the Courses and Colloquia of the International School
of Astrophysics Daniel Chalonge, the International Programme of Cosmology
Daniel Chalonge sets up and encourages subjects at the frontier of knowledge,
and the scientific discussion, within a perspective of synthesis, enlightenment
and unified knowledge.

The Programme develops, supports and promotes research in the following domains:

-Towards a complete theory of Inflation with reliable observational predictions: Inflation with the out of equilibrium and selfconsistent evolution of quantum fields in the framework of semiclassical gravity.

-Towards a complete theory of Inflation with reliable observational predictions: the problem of Inflation in the framework of string theory.

-String theory in curved spacetimes, physical effects and reliable observational consequences: strong gravitational fields, black holes, primordial universe, spacetime singularities.

-The problem of black hole evaporation (and its final state) in the framework of string theory.

-Towards a complete theory, statistical and dynamical, of selfgravitating
systems in astrophysics and cosmology: Fractals and scaling laws in astrophysics
and cosmology. Selfgravitating N-body

problem, turbulence in the presence of gravity, renormalisation group
and field

theory. Confrontation of theory with observations and new theoretical
predictions.

This Programme is a Theoretical Physics approach to Cosmology and Astrophysics,
with the theory of elementary particles, modern statistical physics,
quantum field theory and string theory.

The point is the development of predictives theories, the extraction
of conclusive results, the confrontation of results to observations
and the prediction of novel ones.

Moreover, three Cornestone Projects help these researches:

** "THIRD MILLENNIUM","CHALONGE
I" and "YOUNG TALENTS"**

**"THIRD MILLENNIUM"** offers an expertise in the subjects
and fields above

refered, sets up and encourages the scientific debate and contradictory

scientific discussion on fundamental problems concerning the above
refered

subjects.

**"CHALONGE I"** is a "theoretical spatial satellite" dedicated
to collect in

terms of scientific progress the new results in the field.

**"YOUNG TALENTS"** offers a scientific formation and guide to young
scientists,

doctoral and post-doctoral levels, in the subjects above refered.

In addition, it provides fellowships to young people to participate
and to

expose new developments in the events (Meetings, Workshops, Colloquia)
of the

International School of Astrophysics Daniel Chalonge.

The three Projects encouredge the participation of scientists (young
and

senior) of different disciplines in the events (Courses, Workshops,
Colloquia)

organised in the framework of the International School of Astrophysics
Daniel

Chalonge.

International School of Astrophysics 'D.Chalonge' http://www.obspm.fr/chalonge Updated 3/01